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Feline Infectious Peritonitis | Dog Cat

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Caused by feline enteric coronavirus, feline infectious peritonitis (also known as PIF) can occur in wild cats such as leopards and lions, as well as in domestic cats, which are most affected by the disease, which can be fatal after a few weeks. This virus is sensitive to common detergents and disinfectants, but it can resist in a common environment that has not been cleaned with these materials for up to seven weeks.

THE feline infectious peritonitis it is common in catteries, where there are a large number of cats and cleaning may not be done properly, in addition to contagion being extremely fast and effective.

Contagion and symptoms of peritonitis in cats

FIP can be contracted mainly orally or through respiratory secretions, in addition to being transmitted via the placenta. The virus can be eliminated through the saliva, urine and feces of infected cats.

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Animals between 6 months and 2 years old, as well as the elderly, are in the group that is most at risk of contracting this disease. Overpopulation in catteries, malnutrition and chronic infectious diseases can also facilitate contagion, in addition, some breeds are more predisposed to infectious peritonitis in cats, such as Persians, Bengal, Himalayas and Abssius.

FIP can be divided into two categories, as it is an immune-mediated disease, and may be partial (dry PIF) or weak (effusive FIP).

Symptoms of dry FIP

In partial feline infectious peritonitis, the disease develops slowly, occurring during the evolution of the case:

  • – Fever;
  • – Apathy;
  • – Anorexia;
  • – Weight loss;
  • – Uveitis;
  • – Jaundice (yellowish color of the skin);
  • – Changes in the central nervous system, among other symptoms.

Symptoms of effusive FIP

In effusive feline infectious peritonitis, the disease progresses between two and six weeks after the onset of symptoms, including:

  • – Fever;
  • – Apathy;
  • – Anorexia;
  • – Increase in abdominal volume;
  • – Weight loss;
  • – Jaundice (yellowish color of the skin);

Among other symptoms that can be diagnosed by veterinarians during examinations.

THE feline infectious peritonitis it can only be effectively identified by laboratory tests of tissue samples collected at necropsy or biopsy combined with analyzes of the animal’s history. It is a disease that in most cases is lethal, as no routine treatment is effective against it.

Link to this article: https://www.cachorrogato.com.br/gato/peritonite-infecciosa-felina/

ATTENTION: This content is for information only and does not replace consultation with a veterinarian or specialized service. Find a supplier near your home.

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