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Major Cat Diseases | Dog Cat

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At main diseases of cats they are a reality that arise in feline life and it is always important to know what is happening. Check out the main diseases of cats:

FELV – Feline Leukemia

The feline leukemia virus (FelV) causes a variety of neoplastic, degenerative disorders and blood disorders. Generally, cats are infected from intimate contact with asymptomatic carriers, that is, that despite having the disease, they still do not physically present it. Incidentally, they can be infected during grooming with other cats or even the common use of feeders and drinkers. The incidence is higher in animals from one to five years old. FelV-infected cats can remain asymptomatic for years, with an average lifespan of two to three years. Vaccination has been recommended for all kittens (less than four months old), as their lifestyle often changes after they are sold and may become exposed to the virus. In addition, puppies are more likely to develop the progressive form of the infection if they become infected.

RHINOTRAQUEITE – Feline Respiratory Complex

It is more frequent in places that shelter many cats including breeding catteries, animal protection and home entities that have a large number of cats and / or frequently acquire new animals. The main symptoms are related to upper respiratory tract disease with sneezing, ocular or nasal discharge, lack of appetite, prostration, ulcers in the oral cavity. The herpes virus and calicivirus are responsible for approximately 90% of these infections. Routine health care such as regular vaccination, separation of cats into groups based on susceptibility and probability of infection, care for cleaning and disinfection, adequate ventilation.

FIV – FELINE AIDS – Feline immunodeficiency virus

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It is a virus morphologically similar to the human AIDS virus, but they are contracted in different ways.
Male, non-neutered, free-living cats with aggressive biting behavior are the most infected.
Symptoms are usually nonspecific, infected cats may experience fever, loss of appetite, weight loss and prostration. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this disease or vaccine, so the isolation of these cats serves to minimize secondary bacterial infections since they are immunosuppressed animals, that is, with low immunity.

PIF – Feline infectious peritonitis

It usually occurs in environments with many cats, among animals under 5 years old and over 10 years old. It may come with nonspecific symptoms such as: weight loss, fever, loss of appetite, difficulty breathing and changes in the central nervous system such as seizure and incoordination.
The presence of fluid in the abdomen and chest can be seen in cats as the effusive form of the disease.
The evolution of the disease leads to death in almost 100% of cases. The diagnostic form is seen only by necropsy and unfortunately there is no vaccine.

DTUIF – URETHAL OBSTRUCTION – My cat stopped urinating

This disease is of lower urinary tract in felines. Cats that have this disease may experience difficulty and / or pain when urinating, blood in the urine, more frequent urination and, more commonly in male cats, urethral obstruction (when the cat tries to urinate and cannot). In these cases, if the animal does not go to the veterinarian as soon as possible, it is at great risk of death. Some precautions such as good quality cat food, hygienic boxes with cat litter (ideal number of boxes is the number of cats in the place plus 1 extra box), drinking bowls with wide mouths and fresh water can prevent this problem.

Link to this article: https://www.cachorrogato.com.br/gato/principal-doencas-gatos/

ATTENTION: This content is for information only and does not replace consultation with a veterinarian or specialized service. Find a supplier near your home.

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