Nothing more current than talking about vaccination, when the world is experiencing a Covid-19 pandemic. Since everyone’s hopes are focused on the mass vaccination of the population against the virus. With animals, the importance of vaccination is no different to prevent fur from various diseases. Such as rabies, distemper, parvovirus, leptospirosis, among others, for example.
Find out below the guidelines recommended by the Vaccination Guidelines Group (VGG) of the World Association of Small Animal Veterinary Clinicians (WSAVA), and understand the importance of vaccination for your dog or cat.
Recommendations on vaccination for small animals in Latin America
The following information was taken from the document “Recommendations on vaccination for small animal veterinarians in Latin America: a report from the WSAVA Vaccination Guidelines Group”, published in 2020 and which can be accessed here!
VGG is a group formed by veterinarians and researchers who have no involvement with the pharmaceutical industry. Since 2006, this group has been meeting to develop recommendations for the whole world. They make a much more detailed document with the basic principles of immunology, types of vaccines and classification of vaccines.
For Latin America, the guidelines have been updated recently. It is a challenge to adapt the guidelines according to each country, due to the wide variety of geographical, climatic, cultural and socioeconomic conditions that have a direct impact on the care of animals. Therefore, these guidelines were developed focusing on diseases prevalent in our region and on the vaccines available on the market.
Individualized vaccination and annual booster
Although there is a standard protocol recommended for dogs and another for cats, the VGG reinforces that the guidelines must be adopted according to the needs of each animal. This means that they are not strict rules, but a way to guide the veterinarian in choosing the best vaccination protocol for each patient, individually.
Some vaccines against diseases such as rabies, distemper, parvovirus, leptospirosis, infectious hepatitis are recommended for all dogs. For cats, on the other hand, are calicivirus and panleukopenia, in addition to rabies.
Another important topic discussed by the VGG is the need for annual reinforcement. In the case of some infectious diseases such as distemper, dogs could be vaccinated every three years as adults. This is because vaccine protection, according to several studies already published, depends on the type of vaccine used and the pet’s immune response at the time of vaccination.
The main diseases
The main diseases in dogs that can be prevented by vaccination are: distemper, parvovirus, leptospirosis, the canine infectious respiratory complex (“kennel cough”), rabies and canine visceral leishmaniasis (LVC).
As for the main feline diseases that can be prevented by vaccines are feline panleukopenia), feline herpesvirus, calicivirus, Chlamydia felis (chlamydiosis), feline leukemia (FeLV), in addition to the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV).
Vaccine for dogs
Anger – recommended from 3 months, with annual reinforcement.
V8 or V10 – from 6 weeks of age, administered in three doses in the first vaccination and in a single dose with annual booster for animals already vaccinated.
Canine flu – from 8 weeks of age, administered in two doses at the first vaccination. In a single dose with annual booster for animals already vaccinated.
Vaccines for cats
Triple Vaccine V3: protects against two of the respiratory diseases, feline rhinotracheitis and feline calicivirosis. In addition to feline panleukopenia, which severely affects the digestive and blood systems.
Quadruple Vaccine V4: prevents the same diseases as V3 and also against chlamydiosis.
Quintuple Vaccine V5: in addition to the above, it protects against feline leukemia, responsible for one of the highest mortality rates among cats.
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Also read our content on immunity and disease in dogs and cats!