Who loves the warmth and sunbathing, should be eager to enjoy the beautiful days of summer. The hottest time of the year has arrived and, just as we take care of our skin, hydration and food, we also need to keep an eye on the pet.
One of the most important points is with the heat. In some cities, thermometers can exceed 40OC. Excessive body heat, hyperthermia, can be caused by the difficulty that some dogs have in cooling their bodies in hot environments. The main clinical signs are: wheezing, excessive salivation, “bluish” tongue, very thirst, weakness; vomiting, diarrhea, disorientation, convulsions. Other signs of hyperthermia are increased breathing and heart rate.
The elderly and brachycephalic dogs (with a “flattened” snout like Pug, Shih Tzu, Bulldog, etc.) need special attention as they suffer a lot from the heat. Brachycephalics, because they have a differently shaped snout, find it more difficult to breathe, compromising the release of heat, which in dogs is mainly done by breathing. This can cause an increase in body temperature that, if not controlled, can end up in dehydration, respiratory stops, fainting, seizures and others. So it is important to keep an eye out.
In addition to taking care to avoid increasing body temperature, it is also important to hydrate the pet well, protect from the sun, avoid parasites and maintain care with hygiene and cleanliness. Here are our tips:
Shadow and fresh water
It is important to encourage the furry to drink plenty of water, as the heat can leave the pet dehydrated. A tip is to spread pots of water to various places in the house and change the water more than once a day, keeping it always clean and fresh.
Drinkers that work as “fountains” are also interesting options, as they make the water circulate, keeping it always clean for the furry. You can also fill a pet bottle of water and freeze it. Then remove the plastic and offer it to the dog. In addition to serving as a game, ice will be a way for the dog to hydrate itself.
Pets also need to use sunscreen to prevent the onset of diseases caused by excessive exposure to the sun, such as skin cancer.
The product must be specific for dogs. For better protection, apply the sunscreen 30 minutes before the fur comes out in the sun on parts of the body that have no hair, such as the muzzle, ears, belly and feet. Don’t forget to reapply every two hours. This goes for walks on the street, on the beach and even when the furry is relaxing in the yard.
Watch out for parasites
Fleas and ticks make the party in summer. The increase in humidity at this time of year helps to proliferate insects and other parasites that can bother your pet and cause disease. Therefore, ensure that your dog is adequately protected against fleas and ticks (fleas and ticks). The use of pet-friendly repellents is also indicated to prevent mosquito bites.
Grooming and hygiene
As much as pets are considered children by many owners, their hygiene needs are very different from ours. Excessive bathing can actually harm dogs.
Among the problems is fungal skin infection. See how often you can bathe your pet:
Longhaired animals: baths can be given every 15 days throughout the year.
Shorthaired animals: baths can be given every 15 days in the summer.
Puppies: the pet’s first bath should take place at home. Bathing in pet stores only after the puppy has received all vaccinations.
The frequency of baths can be changed according to the indication of the veterinarian of each pet.
The hygienic grooming, which is made on the belly, feet and “intimate” regions, can be a good option to give dogs a refreshment. Another alternative is a complete grooming with a lower blade, so that feel more comfortable that season.
Tours only at cool times
Try to take your shoes off at noon and step on the asphalt. It’s hot? If you can burn your feet on the street, your pet can also suffer from it. Therefore, the ideal is to schedule the tours for early morning and / or late afternoon (before 10 am and after 6 pm). The heat at these times is less.
In addition, because they are not able to perspire like us, it is good to prevent the body temperature from rising too much, causing malaise and hyperthermia, which is the increase in body temperature.
If the dog becomes too breathless, to avoid heating the body, spray water on the back and paws. This will help to cool the animal. If he becomes too breathless, interrupt the tour and take him home.
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