Maintaining dogs’ oral hygiene and being alert to any changes in the pet’s teeth or behavior when feeding is very important to identify serious oral health problems, such as periodontal diseases that can pose a major health risk, such as the migration of bacteria for vital organs: kidneys, liver and heart.
An important sign for identifying the condition is bad breath. This is the most obvious symptom that something does not go well with the dog’s mouth and affects 80% of dogs over three years of age. In addition to the risk of bacteria, periodontitis is an inflammation that causes the loss of teeth and the deterioration of the tissues that support it, such as the gums and the alveolar bone.
The biggest problem with this situation is that its signs are barely noticeable and rapidly progressing. It starts with the accumulation of bacterial plaque that evolves into tartar. Tartar, in turn, is responsible for the deterioration of teeth, so the importance of always being alert.
Although there is a high rate of dogs that have the problem, 90% of the guardians believe that their dogs’ teeth and gums are healthy, so to rule out the problem, dogs should undergo regular oral examination.
We have listed some factors that may predispose to the development of oral diseases in pets. Check it out below!
- Never having done an oral health assessment;
- Do not receive basic care for the health of your teeth at home, such as brushing;
- Present dental calculus (tartar);
- Misplaced teeth;
- Demonstrate excessive salivation;
- Difficulty chewing food.
If your dog shows these signs or fits the profile, be sure to look for a specialist veterinarian!
Small and elderly dogs are more likely to develop the disease, according to a study conducted by the WALTHAM Animal Nutrition and Welfare Center. A survey looked at the progression of periodontal disease in miniature Schnauzer dogs and found that without proper and frequent oral hygiene, periodontitis developed quickly and progressed even faster with age.
Small dogs, because they have little space between their teeth, are predisposed to the accumulation of bacterial plaque, which favors the formation of tartar and, consequently, bad breath and the risks of developing the disease.
If bacteria enter the bloodstream, contamination can affect vital organs. And in some cases even the dog’s joints.
Teeth hygiene is essential for prevention. Daily brushing should take place from six months of age, but to encourage the dog to accept this care, it is recommended that he has contact with brushing in the first months of life. A good strategy is to associate brushing with a positive stimulus such as a game, a walk or a caress.
The veterinarian has a fundamental role in guiding the procedure and also on ways to encourage the dog to accept brushing. With the guidance of the professional it is also possible to insert specific chewable products into the routine to assist in maintaining oral hygiene.
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